Teeth curettage is a minimally painful periodontal procedure that removes the accumulated plaque from the surface of the teeth and below the surface of the dental flesh, or plaque from the root of the teeth.
Depending on the tissue that is removed during curettage, we distinguish two types of teeth curettage:
Curettage of the gums or gingival curettage – removal of the inflamed and connective tissue of that part of the soft tissue that lies laterally from the periodontal pocket, the gap between the teeth and the bone,
Subgingival curettage – removal of the tissue of the periodontal pocket and connective tissue that is above it, all the way to the end of the alveolar bone.
Just as, due to the accumulated plaque, the dental tartar forms between the teeth and around them, it is formed also below the surface of the dental flesh. In this area it can do much more damage. The dental tartar is a suitable soil for propagation of various bacteria that can lead to inflammation, loss of bone support, and ultimately to loss of teeth.
Teeth curettage is most commonly used in the treatment of paradentosis, inflammation and gum infection (above in the picture). It can be used in combination with other periodontal surgeries and procedures, and in case of repeated periodontal infections.