Diseases and tumors of the salivary glands

The salivary gland cancer is a rare form of cancer that begins in any salivary gland in the mouth, neck or throat.
Salivary glands produce the saliva, the juice that helps in food digestion and maintains the moisture of the oral cavity. There are three pairs of large salivary glands: parotid, submandibular and sublingual. There is a large number of tiny salivary glands located in the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.

Treatment of the salivary gland cancer
Treatment in the first place implies surgical removal of the change. Depending on the size and the widespread of the process, only a part of the gland is removed or whole glands with affected lymph nodes. If the surrounding tissue is removed during the operation because of the widespread of the process (muscles, bone, nerves), then by means of reconstructive plastic surgery, this deficiency is compensated.

The goal is first of all to provide normal function, chewing, talking, breathing, and in the second place is to bring back normal look as much as possible.

Symptoms that indicate a problem in the salivary gland are as follows:
A knot or swelling that appears near the jaw, neck or mouth,
Numbness in some part of the face,
Muscle weakness in some part of the face,
Pain in the salivary gland,
Difficulties in chewing food,
Difficulties while wide opening of the jaw.

Most tumors of the salivary glands are benign and if you notice a swelling near some of the salivary glands does not mean that you have cancer. The most common cancer is the parotid salivary gland located in front and under the ear.


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PhD Milica Čelebić

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