Namely, patients must maintain perfect oral hygiene, which implies tooth washing after each meal.
In cleaning the teeth, interdental brush and dental floss are recommended as well as the occasional use of some mouthwash solutions. Nutrition is also specific. Foods that are hard to chew or bite can be very damaging (such as hazelnuts, almonds and similar) and should be avoided. Chewing gum, caramel, sticky candy, lollipops are forbidden.
A fixed orthodontic device is set by a dentist in the office, attaching buccal tubes and bands or the rings on the teeth. Patients are fully accustomed to the presence of the appliance in the mouth within a period of about ten days.
After this therapy is completed, these devices are followed by the last but very important phase: retention, or maintaining the results achieved. At this stage, the patient wears some of the retention apparatus (prosthesis, foil, fixed retainer ..) in order to stabilize the results obtained in the previous, active phase of treatment. This phase usually lasts for as long as the therapy with a fixed device lasted, but in time the wearing of the retention device gradually shortens.