Total and partial proteases

Total dentures
Total denture is intended for people who do not have any teeth in the jaw. The total denture compensates for all the missing teeth, but also the part of the alveolar ridge. This is also the only solution for people without teeth, unless you decide on dental implants.

Total dental prostheses are made of acrylate and are placed over the gums, more precisely across the upper and lower jawbones. In this way, the lack of teeth and the lost bone is completely compensated. Besides practical benefits in terms of easier eating, there is also a psychological and aesthetic motivation for setting up a total denture. A well-designed total denture looks completely natural and gives back confidence to a person.

However, the total prosthesis also has certain disadvantages. This type of prosthesis is the least comfortable of all other ways of recovering lost teeth. Also, a longer adaptation period is needed, since the total denture is actually a foreign body in the mouth that people need to get used to. Some patients claim that their total denture has reduced their sense of taste, since it covers the palate. Of course this is not the rule, it depends on the patient. In addition, complete denture may also move, especially on the lower jaw. Neither this is the rule, but it also occurs only in individual cases.

These problems can certainly create an inconvenience for having a total denture. On the other hand, for people who have a complete lack of teeth, total denture is certainly the right solution that will not only ease the eating, but will also bring back self-confidence and smile on the face.

Partial denture
If you only miss a few teeth, but there is no possibility of making a bridge, the solution is a partial denture. Unlike total denture, partial prosthesis is fortified with metal attachments, so-called “hooks” that “are attached” to adjacent teeth. In this way, denture is stable and does not move.

There are two types of partial dentures – plate (acrylate) and skeletal partial denture. A partial acrylic denture is made of acrylic and it is therefore less durable than a partial skeletal (wisyl) denture that has a built-in metal skeleton. Partial skeletal denture is also more comfortable, because it relies less on palate and sublingual area. This makes the time of adaptation to this type of prosthesis much shorter. Also, in the skeletal dentures, molded hooks are used to attach the prosthesis, which makes it more stable than the acrylic prosthesis.

In addition, there is a possibility that the partial skeletal denture is connected by a buckle, one part of which is in the inner part of the prosthesis, and the other part on the tooth which allows even greater stability of the denture. The skeletal partial dental prosthesis can be used together with fixed prosthetic works, such as crowns and bridges.

Certainly the best and the most modern solution are dentures that are fixed by implants. However, a completely acceptable solution, especially in financial terms, is a total denture for people who lack all teeth, or partial dentures for people who lack only a few teeth.

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Darko Jović

Word of doctor

Doc. PhD. Darko Jović

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