Trigeminal neuralgia is a terrifying pain in the face and the strongest pain that a person can experience! Patients describe it as a shock-like pain, a lightning stroke, tearing, twitch, dragging the glowing needles through the face. Suicide cases of the patients who couldn’t deal with this pain anymore have been described!
Pain is caused by damage to the trigeminal nerve and occurs in seizures that last for a few seconds to two minutes. No matter how the attacks are often, there are completely painless intervals between them. A pain strike can be caused by a slight touch of the face, by talking or chewing. Sometimes every movement and every touch cause pain, and patients avoid to talk and eat, they drink on the straw, avoiding mouth opening, do not wash their face, do not wash their teeth, do not shave, avoid the smallest movement (face of the mummy). In order to avoid eating, they lose weight in a short period of time.
The disease is initially manifested by the rotation of painful and painless periods. The painful period (the period in which pain attacks occur) lasts several months, and after that, the painless period spontaneously comes (there are no pain attacks). Over time, painful periods are getting longer, and painless periods shorter, so that all patients eventually reach a constant painful period. Attacks occur with varying degrees of frequency, from a few to a large number during the day. The frequency of trigeminal neuralgia is four patients per 100,000 inhabitants per year.