Colposcopy can be used in diagnostics:
Pre-cancerous changes in the cervix epithelium (dysplasia or CIN) and cervical carcinoma,
Inflammatory changes of the cervix (cervicitis),
Pre-cancerous lesions of the epithelium of the vagina,
Pre-cancerous changes in the external genital area (vulva),
Carcinoma of the vagina and abdominal carcinoma.
In case a gynecologist finds suspicious areas of abnormalities of the mucous membrane (epithelium) during the colposcopy, then a targeted biopsy can be made and a tissue sample is taken for further pathohistological analysis.