Particularly important is the monitoring method for people who have increased risk of melanoma, and these are:
Atypical (dysplastic) neurosis syndrome,
The history of the disease due to melanoma or other skin cancer (or someone in their family),
A large number of birthmarks on the body,
A light complexion and they are generally very sensitive to exposure, to the sun (redheaded persons, with freckles),
Sunburns that have occurred in childhood and adolescence,
Exposure to UV radiation due to profession or hobby chronically.
With phenotypic characteristics, the application of adequate sun protection is considered to be an important parameter for reducing the risk of developing malignant tumors of the skin. Every year more new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed than all other carcinoma together. According to literature, five percent of all cancers in men and four percent of all cancers in women are melanomas. Melanoma is the most common carcinoma of individuals in the age group of 25-29 years.
Most cell mutations in melanoma are caused by UV radiation. The risk of developing melanoma is doubled if the person at any age had sunburn five or more times. Furthermore, if the burns with the development of blisters as a consequence of exposure to UV radiation occurred during childhood and adolescence, only one such episode doubles the risk of melanoma.
In case of spotting changes in the birthmark, in the sense of occurrence of asymmetry, irregularities of the edges, change of color or increase in the diameter of the birthmark, in case of bleeding or itching, be sure to contact the dermatologist for consultation.