Birthmarks are skin changes that occur through the entire life. The opinion that birthmarks should not be touched is considered. This is not true. Any healthy birthmark can be removed without any risk to health. It is even advisable to remove the birthmarks if they show any changes – redness, itching, piercing in the area of the birthmark or if they are injured.
Birthmarks have changes on the skin, and in most number of cases they represent pigmented cells. They can appear through the entire life anywhere on the skin – on the face, neck, arms, legs, body and head, and therefore are rare individuals who after 30 years of age have between 10 and 40 birthmarks. Their color changes from light to dark hazel, and birthmarks, as time passes, can change their shape and color, and even size.
The number of birthmarks throughout life depends on the genetic predisposition and on how often the skin is exposed to the sun, or X rays. In a large number of cases, birthmarks are harmless, but malignant alterations of birthmarks may occur.
Surgical removal of birthmarks:
Surgical removal of birthmarks is indicated in the following cases:
If the birthmark is dysplastic – a dermatoscope notices an incorrect structure, but the birthmark is still healthy,
If the birthmark has changed and if there are criteria for melanoma according to the dermatoscopic examination,
If the birthmark is congenital. These birthmarks carry a 15% higher risk of getting into malignancy over their lifetime,
If the birthmark is blue, blue nevus. The bluish gray color of the birthmark points to the pigmented cells in the last, deepest part of the skin. It also has a higher risk of changing over the course of life,
If a birthmark is removed for aesthetic reasons or if it is in a place of frequent irritation and is larger than 7mm.