The knee is then filled with a physiological sterile solution to increase its volume and to allow the surgeon to have more space to perform the procedure.
Through the second small cut surgeon introduces instruments that are used in an operation. With more demanding procedures, a third cut may also be required through which are included additional instruments, materials for the replacement of cartilage, or replacement tendons.
This surgical procedure is somewhat more complicated than the classic surgical procedure that opens the entire knee, but gives better results, a smaller scar and shortens the recovery time. The procedure usually takes about 45 minutes.
Recovery after knee arthroscopy
After the surgery, an orthosis is placed that will immobilize the knee in order to make it heal properly.
Few days after surgery, pain can be felt in the operative area for which are used classical analgesics.
Also, there may be bleeding in the area of the joint and muscle weakness, which is common in the postoperative period. In the case of blood, it is necessary to go for a change of bandage. The patient is referred to physical therapy as soon as possible after the procedure to avoid muscle atrophy and possible damage to the operative tissue. Recovery after the surgery on meniscus usually lasts for about a month, and reconstruction of ligaments may require a longer recovery within 6 months, this is often the case with professional athletes.
After surgery, the knee should rest, by holding the foot on the raised pillow. Under the knees, a pillow should not be placed. During recovery, pain can be mitigated by placing cold gauze and flexing lightly, if approved by the orthopedist.
Complications after knee arthroscopy are very rare and usually do not represent a major health problem, which are:
An infection that is manifested through increased body temperature and shivering,
Creation of clots,
A feeling of stiffness in the knee,
Blood accumulation in the affected area.